U.S. Department of Health & Human Services Divider Arrow National Institutes of Health Divider Arrow NCATS

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Description

Cannabidiol is the major nonpsychoactive ingredient in cannabis. Cannabidiol demonstrates a range of effects that may be therapeutically useful, including anti-seizure, antioxidant, neuroprotective, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anti-tumor, anti-psychotic, and anti-anxiety properties. Exact mechanism of action of cannabidiol is not known, but may include effects on the orphan G-protein-coupled receptor GPR55; the transient receptor potential of vanilloid type-1 channel; the 5-HT1a receptor; and the α3 glycine receptors. GW Pharmaceuticals successfully developed the world’s first prescription medicine derived from the cannabis plant, Sativex® (buccal spray containing delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol) now approved in over 29 countries outside of the United States for the treatment of spasticity due to Multiple Sclerosis. GW Pharmaceuticals is developing Epidiolex® (a liquid formulation of pure plant-derived cannabidiol) for certain rare and severe early-onset, drug-resistant epilepsy syndromes.
Status:
US Approved Rx
Source:
NDA209627 ANNOVERA POPULATION COUNCIL
(2018)
Source URL:

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ABSOLUTE)



Description

Elcometrine (Segesterone acetate, Nestorone) is a steroidal progestin which is used as a hormonal contraceptive and as a treatment of endometriosis. Upon oral administration, Nestorone undergoes rapid metabolism and inactivation. Several clinical trials have been performed with Nestorone administered via subdermal implants.
Status:
US Approved Rx
Source:
NDA208623 GALAFOLD AMICUS THERAPS US
(2018)
Source URL:

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ABSOLUTE)


Conditions:

Description

Migalastat (Galafold)-a small molecule drug developed by Amicus Therapeutics that restores the activity of specific mutant forms of α-galactosidase-has been approved for the treatment of Fabry disease in the EU in patients with amenable mutations. Migalastat attaches to certain unstable forms of alpha-galactosidase A, stabilising the enzyme. This allows the enzyme to be transported into areas of the cell where it can break down GL-3. Under the trade name Galafold (formerly known as Amigal), Migalastat is used to treat patients aged 16 years or over with Fabry disease. Because the number of patients with Fabry disease is low, the disease is considered ‘rare’, and the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) assigned Galafold orphan drug status in 2004, and the European Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) followed in 2006.

TAFENOQUINE SUCCINATE

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Status:
US Approved Rx
Source:
NDA210795 KRINTAFEL GLAXOSMITHKLINE
(2018)
Source URL:

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (RACEMIC)

Status:
US Approved Rx
Source:
NDA208627 TPOXX SIGA TECHNOLOGIES
(2018)
Source URL:

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ACHIRAL)


Conditions:

Description

Tecovirimat (ST-246) is a low-molecular-weight compound (molecular weight = 376), that is potent (concentration that inhibited virus replication by 50% = 0.010 microM), selective (concentration of compound that inhibited cell viability by 50% = >40 microM), and active against multiple orthopoxviruses, including vaccinia, monkeypox, camelpox, cowpox, ectromelia (mousepox), and variola viruses. The antiviral activity is specific for orthopoxviruses and the compound does not inhibit the replication of other RNA- and DNA-containing viruses or inhibit cell proliferation at concentrations of compound that are antiviral. ST-246 targets vaccinia virus p37, a viral protein required for envelopment and secretion of extracellular forms of virus. The compound is orally bioavailable and protects multiple animal species from lethal orthopoxvirus challenge. rug substance and drug product processes have been developed and commercial scale batches have been produced using Good Manufacturing Processes (GMP). Human phase I clinical trials have shown that ST-246 is safe and well tolerated in healthy human volunteers. Based on the results of the clinical evaluation, once a day dosing should provide plasma drug exposure in the range predicted to be antiviral based on data from efficacy studies in animal models of orthopoxvirus disease.
Status:
US Approved Rx
Source:
NDA207924 - NDA - referenced by: NDC 0002-4182
(2018)
Source URL:

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ACHIRAL)



Description

Baricitinib (trade name Olumiant) is an investigational drug for rheumatoid arthritis (RA), being developed by Incyte and Eli Lilly. Baricitinib is a selective JAK1 and JAK2 inhibitor with IC50 of 5.9 nM and 5.7 nM in cell-free assays. In December 2016, the European Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) recommended the approval of baricitinib as a second-line therapy for RA in adults, either alone or in combination with methotrexate.
Status:
US Approved Rx
Source:
NDA210303 - NDA - referenced by: NDC 71045-010
(2018)
Source URL:

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ABSOLUTE)

Status:
US Approved Rx
Source:
NDA210450 - NDA - referenced by: NDC 0074-0038
(2018)
Source URL:

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ABSOLUTE)

DACOMITINIB ANHYDROUS

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Description

Dacomitinib is an oral, once-daily, pan-HER inhibitor. It is an irreversible inhibitor of HER-1 (EGFR), HER-2 and HER-4 tyrosine kinases. Dacomtinib is being evaluated in phase 3 clinical trials against nonsmall-cell lung cancer. Direct comparison with erlotinib did not show superiority of dacomtinib, but subgroup analysis have demonstrated that subgroup with exon 19 deletion had favorable outcomes with dacomitinib. In addition to nonsmall-cell lung cancer dacomtinib is being evaluated against esophagus, head and neck and other neoplasms. Due to its ability to pass through blood-brain barrier, dacomitinib can be used to treat brain tumors.
Status:
US Approved Rx
Source:
NDA210491 - NDA - referenced by: NDC null
(2018)
Source URL:

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ABSOLUTE)



Description

Tezacaftor (VX-661) is an investigational compound developed by Vertex Pharmaceuticals to treat cystic fibrosis (CF). It is an oral corrector of the CF transmembrane regulator (CFTR) and is similar to lumacaftor, another N-aryl-1-(2,2-difluoro-1,3-benzodioxol-5-yl)cyclopropanecarboxamide derivative developed by Vertex. Cystic fibrosis is caused by defects in CFTR gene, which encodes an epithelial chloride channel. The most common mutant Δ508CFTR is a misfolded protein that does not reach the cell membrane. VX-661 corrects trafficking of Δ508CFTR and partially restores chloride channel activity. In vitro, a combination of VX-661 and ivacaftor, an FDA approved in 2012 CFTR potentiator which increases the time the CFTR channel is open, allowing chloride ions to flow through the CFTR proteins on the surface of epithelial cells, resulted in greater CFTR activity compared with VX-661 alone. In February 2012, a phase 2, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of VX-661 was initiated in CF patients who were homozygous or heterozygous for the F508del mutation. There is an ongoing Vertex Phase 3 development program of VX-661 in combination with ivacaftor which includes four studies on CF patients 1) with two copies of the F508del mutation, 2) one copy of the F508del mutation and a second mutation that results in residual CFTR function, 3) one copy of the F508del mutation and a second mutation that results in residual CFTR function gating defect in the CFTR protein and 4) one copy of the F508del mutation and a second mutation that results in minimal CFTR function.
Status:
US Approved Rx

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ACHIRAL)



Description

Doravirine (MK-1439) is a nonnucleoside inhibitor of HIV reverse transcriptase (NNRTI). It displays excellent activities against not only WT viruses but also a broader panel of NNRTI-resistant viruses. Merck is developing doravirine for the treatment of HIV-1 infections.
Status:
US Approved Rx
Source:
ANDA210707 - ANDA - referenced by: NDC 43063-871
(2018)
Source URL:

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ABSOLUTE)

Description

Duvelisib (IPI-145), is an orally available, small-molecule, selective dual inhibitor of phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase (PI3K) δ and γ isoforms originated by Intellikine (owned by Takeda) and developed by Infinity Pharmaceuticals. Orally administered duvelisib was rapidly absorbed, with a dose-proportional increase in exposure. The compound produced a half-life of approximately 7-12 hours, following 14 days of dosing. Duvelisib exerts profound effects on adaptive and innate immunity by inhibiting B and T cell proliferation, blocking neutrophil migration, and inhibiting basophil activation. Duvelisib blockade of PI3K-δ and PI3K-γ potentially lead to significant therapeutic effects in multiple inflammatory, autoimmune, and hematologic diseases. The molecule is in phase III development as a combination therapy for patients with haematological malignancies such as chronic lymphocytic leukemia and follicular lymphoma.
Status:
US Approved Rx
Source:
NDA209229 - NDA - referenced by: NDC 27505-050
(2018)
Source URL:

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (RACEMIC)

Status:
US Approved Rx
Source:
NDA210238 - NDA - referenced by: NDC 71369-020
(2018)
Source URL:

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ACHIRAL)

SODIUM ZIRCONIUM CYCLOSILICATE

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Status:
US Approved Rx
Source:
NDA207078 LOKELMA ASTRAZENECA PHARMS
(2018)
Source URL:

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ACHIRAL)