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Showing 21 - 30 of 102012 results

Doravirine (MK-1439) is a nonnucleoside inhibitor of HIV reverse transcriptase (NNRTI). It displays excellent activities against not only WT viruses but also a broader panel of NNRTI-resistant viruses. Merck is developing doravirine for the treatment of HIV-1 infections.
Duvelisib (IPI-145), is an orally available, small-molecule, selective dual inhibitor of phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase (PI3K) δ and γ isoforms originated by Intellikine (owned by Takeda) and developed by Infinity Pharmaceuticals. Orally administered duvelisib was rapidly absorbed, with a dose-proportional increase in exposure. The compound produced a half-life of approximately 7-12 hours, following 14 days of dosing. Duvelisib exerts profound effects on adaptive and innate immunity by inhibiting B and T cell proliferation, blocking neutrophil migration, and inhibiting basophil activation. Duvelisib blockade of PI3K-δ and PI3K-γ potentially lead to significant therapeutic effects in multiple inflammatory, autoimmune, and hematologic diseases. The molecule is in phase III development as a combination therapy for patients with haematological malignancies such as chronic lymphocytic leukemia and follicular lymphoma.

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ACHIRAL)


Conditions:

Prucalopride is a novel enterokinetic compound and is the first representative of the benzofuran class. Prucalopride is a potent, selective and specific serotonin 5-HT4 receptor (5-HT4-R) agonist. Prucalopride (Resolor®), a highly selective serotonin 5-HT4 receptor agonist, is indicated in the European Economic Area for the treatment of adults with chronic idiopathic constipation (CIC) in whom laxatives have failed to provide adequate relief.
Amifampridine (Firdapse), currently approved in the European Union, is the first and only approved drug for the symptomatic treatment of Lambert-Eaton Myasthenic Syndrome (LEMS) in adults, a rare autoimmune disease with the primary symptoms of muscle weakness. In LEMS, the body’s own immune system attacks connections between nerves and muscles and disrupts the ability of nerve cells to send signals to muscle cells. Amifampridine blocks voltage-dependent potassium channels, thereby prolonging pre-synaptic cell membrane depolarization. Prolonging the action potential enhances the transport of calcium into the nerve ending. The resulting increase in intracellular calcium concentrations facilitates exocytosis of acetylcholine containing vesicles, which in turn enhances neuromuscular transmission. Amifampridine phosphate has been granted Orphan Drug Designation and Breakthrough Therapy designation by the FDA for the treatment of Lambert-Eaton Myasthenic Syndrome (LEMS).
Ivosidenib (AG-120) is an inhibitor of isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) This experimental drug inhibits mutant IDH1, leading to increased differentiation and decreased proliferation in IDH1 positive tumors and thus is thought to be promising for the treatment of IDH1-mutated tumors. In vivo treatment with AG-120 of TF-1 cells, primary human AML patient samples expressing mutant IDH1 and primary human blast cells cultured ex vivo showed that AG-120 is effective at lowering 2-HG levels and restoring cellular differentiation. It showed promising results in a phase I trial in patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia and is being evaluated in Phase III in previously-treated subjects with nonresectable or metastatic cholangiocarcinoma with an IDH1 mutation.

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ACHIRAL)



Apalutamide (developmental code name ARN-509) is a selective and competitive androgen receptor inhibitor with IC50 of 16 nM, useful for prostate cancer treatment. Apalutamide binds to AR in target tissues thereby preventing androgen-induced receptor activation and facilitating the formation of inactive complexes that cannot be translocated to the nucleus. This prevents binding to and transcription of AR-responsive genes. This ultimately inhibits the expression of genes that regulate prostate cancer cell proliferation and may lead to an inhibition of cell growth in AR-expressing tumor cells. Apalutamide is currently in phase III clinical trials for castration-resistant prostate cancer.