U.S. Department of Health & Human Services Divider Arrow National Institutes of Health Divider Arrow NCATS

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Showing 61 - 70 of 102012 results

Abemaciclib, previously known as LY2835219, is a potent and selective inhibitor of cyclin-dependent kinases: CDK4 and CDK6, developed by Eli Lilly, which is in clinical trial phase III for the treatment of breast cancer and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and in phase II for investigation of its treatment glioblastoma and melanoma.
Status:
First approved in 2017
Source:
INGREZZA by Adeptio Pharmaceuticals
Source URL:

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ABSOLUTE)



(+)-alpha-Dihydrotetrabenazine (HTBZ) is an active component of tetrabenazine. Tetrabenazine is a mixture of closely-related compounds (isomers) and is readily metabolized in the human body to HTBZ and related isomers. Tetrabenazine is a drug for the symptomatic treatment of hyperkinetic movement disorder and is marketed under the trade names Nitoman in Canada and Xenazine in New Zealand and some parts of Europe, and is also available in the USA as an orphan drug. (+)-alpha-Dihydrotetrabenazine and related benzo[a]quinolizines have been labeled with tritium and carbon-11 radioisotopes and used for in vitro and in vivo studies of the VMAT2 in animal and human brain. Adeptio Pharmaceuticals is developing alpha-dihydrotetrabenazine (HTBZ) for the treatment of neurological disorders. It acts by inhibiting vesicular monoamine transporter 2 (VMAT2), thereby blocking the transport of dopamine into axon terminals or into storage vesicles.
Status:
First approved in 2017
Source:
VABOMERE by Rempex Pharmaceuticals
Source URL:

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ABSOLUTE)



Vaborbactam (formerly RPX7009) is a new beta-lactamase inhibitor based on a cyclic boronic acid pharmacophore. Vaborbactam is a highly active beta-lactamase inhibitor that restores activity of meropenem and other beta-lactam antibiotics in beta-lactamase-producing bacteria, particularly KPC-producing CRE. Meropenem in combination with vaborbactam (VABOMERE) is indicated for the treatment of patients 18 years and older with complicated urinary tract infections including pyelonephritis caused by designated susceptible bacteria. The vaborbactam component of VABOMERE is a non-suicidal beta-lactamase inhibitor that protects meropenem from degradation by certain serine beta-lactamases such as Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC). Vaborbactam does not have any antibacterial activity. Vaborbactam does not decrease the activity of meropenem against meropenem-susceptible organisms.
Status:
First approved in 2017
Source:
Parsabiv by KAI Pharmaceuticals
Source URL:

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ABSOLUTE)



Etelcalcetide (formerly velcalcetide, trade name Parsabiv) is a calcimimetic drug for the treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism in patients undergoing hemodialysis. Etelcalcetide was approved (trade name Parsabiv) for the treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism (HPT) in adult patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) on hemodialysis in February, 2017. Etelcalcetide is a synthetic peptide calcium-sensing receptor agonist. It allosterically modulates the calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR). Etelcalcetide binds to the CaSR and enhances activation of the receptor by extracellular calcium. Activation of the CaSR on parathyroid chief cells decreases PTH secretion.
Voxilaprevir is a Direct-Acting Antiviral (DAA) medication used as part of combination therapy to treat chronic Hepatitis C, an infectious liver disease caused by infection with Hepatitis C Virus (HCV). Sofosbuvir/velpatasvir/voxilaprevir (Vosevi) is indicated for adult patients with chronic HCV without cirrhosis or with compensated cirrhosis who have (1) genotype 1 through 6 and have previously been treated with an NS5A inhibitor or (2) genotype 1a or 3 and have previously been treated with sofosbuvir without an NS5A inhibitor. Voxilaprevir exerts its antiviral action by reversibley binding and inhibiting the NS3/4A serine protease of Hepatitis C Virus (HCV). Following viral replication of HCV genetic material and translation into a single polypeptide, Nonstructural Protein 3 (NS3) and its activating cofactor Nonstructural Protein 4A (NS4A) are responsible for cleaving genetic material into the following structural and nonstructural proteins required for assembly into mature virus: NS3, NS4A, NS4B, NS5A, and NS5B. By inhibiting viral protease NS3/4A, voxilaprevir therefore prevents viral replication and function.
Status:
First approved in 2017
Source:
AUSTEDO by Auspex Pharmaceuticals
Source URL:

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (RACEMIC)



Deutetrabenazine (trade name Austedo) is a vesicular monoamine transporter 2 (VMAT2) inhibitor indicated for the treatment of chorea associated with Huntington’s disease. The drug was developed by Auspex Pharmaceuticals and is being commercialized by Teva Pharmaceuticals. Deutetrabenazine is a deuterated derivative of tetrabenazine. The incorporation of deuterium in place of hydrogen at the sites of primary metabolism results in metabolic clearance being slowed, allowing less frequent dosing and better tolerability.
Status:
First approved in 2017
Source:
BEVYXXA by Millennium Pharmaceuticals
Source URL:

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ACHIRAL)



Betrixaban is an anticoagulant drug which acts as a direct factor Xa inhibitor. Betrixaban is now being developed by Portola Pharmaceuticals. Oral, once-daily Factor Xa inhibitor anticoagulant that directly inhibits the activity of Factor Xa, an important validated target in the blood coagulation pathway, to prevent life-threatening thrombosis. U.S. Food and Drug Administration granted Fast Track designation to betrixaban for extended-duration prevention of venous thromboembolism (VTE; blood clots) in acute medically ill patients (i.e., those who are hospitalized for serious medical conditions, such as heart failure, stroke, infection and pulmonary disease). Has the potential to become the first oral Factor Xa inhibitor anticoagulant approved for hospital-to-home prevention of VTE in acute medically ill patients.
Status:
First approved in 2017
Source:
ALUNBRIG by ARIAD
Source URL:

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ACHIRAL)



Brigatinib (AP26113) is an investigational, targeted cancer medicine discovered internally at ARIAD Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Brigatinib has exhibited activity as a potent dual inhibitor of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). It is in development for the treatment of patients with anaplastic lymphoma kinase positive (ALK+) non-small cell cancer (NSCLC) whose disease is resistant to crizotinib. Brigatinib is currently being evaluated in the global Phase 2 ALTA (ALK in Lung Cancer Trial of AP26113) trial that is anticipated to form the basis for its initial regulatory review. ARIAD has also initiated the Phase 3 ALTA 1L trial to assess the efficacy of brigatinib in comparison to crizotinib. Brigatinib was granted orphan drug designation by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in May 2016 for the treatment of certain subtypes of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The designation is for anaplastic lymphoma kinase-positive (ALK+), c-ros 1 oncogene positive (ROS1+), or epidermal growth factor receptor positive (EGFR+) non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Brigatinib received breakthrough therapy designation from the FDA in October 2014 for the treatment of patients with ALK+ NSCLC whose disease is resistant to crizotinib. Both designations were based on results from an ongoing Phase 1/2 trial that showed anti-tumor activity of brigatinib in patients with ALK+ NSCLC, including patients with active brain metastases.
Acalabrutinib, also known as ACP-196, is a novel irreversible second-generation Bruton’s tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor, which prevents the activation of the B-cell antigen receptor (BCR) signaling pathway and that, was rationally designed to be more potent and selective than ibrutinib. This drug in clinical trials phase III for treatment the treatment of relapsed chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Also in combination with others drugs, Acalabrutinib in phase II of clinical trials for the treatment Glioblastoma Multiforme, Mantle Cell Lymphoma, Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck, Rheumatoid Arthritis and some others.

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ABSOLUTE)



Deflazacort is a glucocorticoid developed for the treatment of different inflammatory and immune conditions. The drug is rapidly metabolized to an active metabolite, 21-hydroxy-deflazaxort that may cross the blood brain barrier. Deflazacort acts by suppressing inflammatory response.