U.S. Department of Health & Human Services Divider Arrow National Institutes of Health Divider Arrow NCATS

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Showing 61 - 70 of 102012 results

Voxilaprevir is a Direct-Acting Antiviral (DAA) medication used as part of combination therapy to treat chronic Hepatitis C, an infectious liver disease caused by infection with Hepatitis C Virus (HCV). Sofosbuvir/velpatasvir/voxilaprevir (Vosevi) is indicated for adult patients with chronic HCV without cirrhosis or with compensated cirrhosis who have (1) genotype 1 through 6 and have previously been treated with an NS5A inhibitor or (2) genotype 1a or 3 and have previously been treated with sofosbuvir without an NS5A inhibitor. Voxilaprevir exerts its antiviral action by reversibley binding and inhibiting the NS3/4A serine protease of Hepatitis C Virus (HCV). Following viral replication of HCV genetic material and translation into a single polypeptide, Nonstructural Protein 3 (NS3) and its activating cofactor Nonstructural Protein 4A (NS4A) are responsible for cleaving genetic material into the following structural and nonstructural proteins required for assembly into mature virus: NS3, NS4A, NS4B, NS5A, and NS5B. By inhibiting viral protease NS3/4A, voxilaprevir therefore prevents viral replication and function.
Status:
First approved in 2017
Source:
AUSTEDO by Auspex Pharmaceuticals
Source URL:

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (RACEMIC)



Deutetrabenazine (trade name Austedo) is a vesicular monoamine transporter 2 (VMAT2) inhibitor indicated for the treatment of chorea associated with Huntington’s disease. The drug was developed by Auspex Pharmaceuticals and is being commercialized by Teva Pharmaceuticals. Deutetrabenazine is a deuterated derivative of tetrabenazine. The incorporation of deuterium in place of hydrogen at the sites of primary metabolism results in metabolic clearance being slowed, allowing less frequent dosing and better tolerability.
Status:
First approved in 2017
Source:
BEVYXXA by Millennium Pharmaceuticals
Source URL:

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ACHIRAL)



Betrixaban is an anticoagulant drug which acts as a direct factor Xa inhibitor. Betrixaban is now being developed by Portola Pharmaceuticals. Oral, once-daily Factor Xa inhibitor anticoagulant that directly inhibits the activity of Factor Xa, an important validated target in the blood coagulation pathway, to prevent life-threatening thrombosis. U.S. Food and Drug Administration granted Fast Track designation to betrixaban for extended-duration prevention of venous thromboembolism (VTE; blood clots) in acute medically ill patients (i.e., those who are hospitalized for serious medical conditions, such as heart failure, stroke, infection and pulmonary disease). Has the potential to become the first oral Factor Xa inhibitor anticoagulant approved for hospital-to-home prevention of VTE in acute medically ill patients.
Status:
First approved in 2017
Source:
ALUNBRIG by ARIAD
Source URL:

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ACHIRAL)



Brigatinib (AP26113) is an investigational, targeted cancer medicine discovered internally at ARIAD Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Brigatinib has exhibited activity as a potent dual inhibitor of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). It is in development for the treatment of patients with anaplastic lymphoma kinase positive (ALK+) non-small cell cancer (NSCLC) whose disease is resistant to crizotinib. Brigatinib is currently being evaluated in the global Phase 2 ALTA (ALK in Lung Cancer Trial of AP26113) trial that is anticipated to form the basis for its initial regulatory review. ARIAD has also initiated the Phase 3 ALTA 1L trial to assess the efficacy of brigatinib in comparison to crizotinib. Brigatinib was granted orphan drug designation by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in May 2016 for the treatment of certain subtypes of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The designation is for anaplastic lymphoma kinase-positive (ALK+), c-ros 1 oncogene positive (ROS1+), or epidermal growth factor receptor positive (EGFR+) non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Brigatinib received breakthrough therapy designation from the FDA in October 2014 for the treatment of patients with ALK+ NSCLC whose disease is resistant to crizotinib. Both designations were based on results from an ongoing Phase 1/2 trial that showed anti-tumor activity of brigatinib in patients with ALK+ NSCLC, including patients with active brain metastases.
Acalabrutinib, also known as ACP-196, is a novel irreversible second-generation Bruton’s tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor, which prevents the activation of the B-cell antigen receptor (BCR) signaling pathway and that, was rationally designed to be more potent and selective than ibrutinib. This drug in clinical trials phase III for treatment the treatment of relapsed chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Also in combination with others drugs, Acalabrutinib in phase II of clinical trials for the treatment Glioblastoma Multiforme, Mantle Cell Lymphoma, Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck, Rheumatoid Arthritis and some others.

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ABSOLUTE)



Deflazacort is a glucocorticoid developed for the treatment of different inflammatory and immune conditions. The drug is rapidly metabolized to an active metabolite, 21-hydroxy-deflazaxort that may cross the blood brain barrier. Deflazacort acts by suppressing inflammatory response.
Status:
First approved in 2017
Source:
IDHIFA by Agios Pharmaceuticals
Source URL:

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ACHIRAL)



Enasidenib, aslo known as AG-221 and CC-90007, is a potent and selective IDH2 inhibitor with potential anticancer activity (IDH2 = Isocitrate dehydrogenase 2). The mutations of IDH2 present in certain cancer cells result in a new ability of the enzyme to catalyze the NAPH-dependent reduction of α-ketoglutarate to R(-)-2-hydroxyglutarate (2HG). The production of 2HG is believed to contribute to the formation and progression of cancer. The inhibition of mutant IDH2 and its neoactivity is therefore a potential therapeutic treatment for cancer. Enasidenib is an orally available, selective, potent inhibitor of the mutated IDH2 protein, making it a highly targeted investigational medicine for the potential treatment of patients with cancers that harbor an IDH2 mutation. Enasidenib has received orphan drug and fast track designations from the U.S. FDA. Enasidenib mesylate is in phase II clinical trials for Solid tumours and phase III clinical trials for the treatment of acute myeloid leukaemia.

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ABSOLUTE)



Semaglutide (trade name Ozempic) is a pharmaceutical drug in development by a Danish company Novo Nordisk for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Semaglutide is a once-daily glucagon-like peptide-1 analog that differs to others by the presence of an acyl group with a steric diacid at Lys26 and a large synthetic spacer and modified by the presence of a α-aminobutyric acid in position 8 which gives stability against the dipeptidylpeptidase-4. Semaglutide is a GLP-1 analogue with 94% sequence homology to human GLP-1. Semaglutide acts as a GLP-1 receptor agonist that selectively binds to and activates the GLP-1 receptor, the target for native GLP-1. GLP-1 is a physiological hormone that has multiple actions on glucose, mediated by the GLP-1 receptors. The principal mechanism of protraction resulting in the long half-life of semaglutide is albumin binding, which results in decreased renal clearance and protection from metabolic degradation. Furthermore, semaglutide is stabilized against degradation by the DPP-4 enzyme. Semaglutide reduces blood glucose through a mechanism where it stimulates insulin secretion and lowers glucagon secretion, both in a glucose-dependent manner. Thus, when blood glucose is high, insulin secretion is stimulated and glucagon secretion is inhibited. The mechanism of blood glucose lowering also involves a minor delay in gastric emptying in the early postprandial phase.
Status:
First approved in 2017
Source:
XEPI by Toyama
Source URL:

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ACHIRAL)



Ozenoxacin is an experimental quinolone antibiotic being developed for the treatment of impetigo and other dermatological bacterial infections. Ozenoxacin is active against some bacteria that have developed resistance to currently used quinolone and fluoroquinolone antibiotics. In two phase 3 studies, Ozenoxacin cream, 1%, applied topically twice daily for 5 days vs. placebo, demonstrated superiority on both clinical and bacteriological endpoints, according to the release. Superior bacteriological cure of Ozenoxacin compared to placebo was demonstrated as early as day 4. In both adults and a pediatric population aged 2 months and older, Ozenoxacin treatment was reported to be safe and well tolerated.
Status:
First approved in 2017
Source:
STEGLATRO by Pfizer
Source URL:

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ABSOLUTE)



Ertugliflozin (PF-04971729) is a potent and selective sodium-dependent glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor incorporating a unique dioxa-bicyclo[3.2.1]octane (bridged ketal) ring system. SGLT2 has become an important therapeutic target and several SGLT2-selective inhibitors are either approved or in clinical development for the management of blood glucose in patients with type 2 diabetes. Ertugliflozin demonstrated robust urinary glucose excretion in rats and an excellent preclinical safety profile. It was announced that FDA and EMA filing acceptances of three marketing applications for ertugliflozin-containing medicines for adults with type 2 diabetes.