U.S. Department of Health & Human Services Divider Arrow National Institutes of Health Divider Arrow NCATS

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

Showing 71 - 80 of 102012 results

Status:
First approved in 2017
Source:
IDHIFA by Agios Pharmaceuticals
Source URL:

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ACHIRAL)



Enasidenib, aslo known as AG-221 and CC-90007, is a potent and selective IDH2 inhibitor with potential anticancer activity (IDH2 = Isocitrate dehydrogenase 2). The mutations of IDH2 present in certain cancer cells result in a new ability of the enzyme to catalyze the NAPH-dependent reduction of α-ketoglutarate to R(-)-2-hydroxyglutarate (2HG). The production of 2HG is believed to contribute to the formation and progression of cancer. The inhibition of mutant IDH2 and its neoactivity is therefore a potential therapeutic treatment for cancer. Enasidenib is an orally available, selective, potent inhibitor of the mutated IDH2 protein, making it a highly targeted investigational medicine for the potential treatment of patients with cancers that harbor an IDH2 mutation. Enasidenib has received orphan drug and fast track designations from the U.S. FDA. Enasidenib mesylate is in phase II clinical trials for Solid tumours and phase III clinical trials for the treatment of acute myeloid leukaemia.

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ABSOLUTE)



Semaglutide (trade name Ozempic) is a pharmaceutical drug in development by a Danish company Novo Nordisk for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Semaglutide is a once-daily glucagon-like peptide-1 analog that differs to others by the presence of an acyl group with a steric diacid at Lys26 and a large synthetic spacer and modified by the presence of a α-aminobutyric acid in position 8 which gives stability against the dipeptidylpeptidase-4. Semaglutide is a GLP-1 analogue with 94% sequence homology to human GLP-1. Semaglutide acts as a GLP-1 receptor agonist that selectively binds to and activates the GLP-1 receptor, the target for native GLP-1. GLP-1 is a physiological hormone that has multiple actions on glucose, mediated by the GLP-1 receptors. The principal mechanism of protraction resulting in the long half-life of semaglutide is albumin binding, which results in decreased renal clearance and protection from metabolic degradation. Furthermore, semaglutide is stabilized against degradation by the DPP-4 enzyme. Semaglutide reduces blood glucose through a mechanism where it stimulates insulin secretion and lowers glucagon secretion, both in a glucose-dependent manner. Thus, when blood glucose is high, insulin secretion is stimulated and glucagon secretion is inhibited. The mechanism of blood glucose lowering also involves a minor delay in gastric emptying in the early postprandial phase.
Status:
First approved in 2017
Source:
XEPI by Toyama
Source URL:

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ACHIRAL)



Ozenoxacin is an experimental quinolone antibiotic being developed for the treatment of impetigo and other dermatological bacterial infections. Ozenoxacin is active against some bacteria that have developed resistance to currently used quinolone and fluoroquinolone antibiotics. In two phase 3 studies, Ozenoxacin cream, 1%, applied topically twice daily for 5 days vs. placebo, demonstrated superiority on both clinical and bacteriological endpoints, according to the release. Superior bacteriological cure of Ozenoxacin compared to placebo was demonstrated as early as day 4. In both adults and a pediatric population aged 2 months and older, Ozenoxacin treatment was reported to be safe and well tolerated.
Status:
First approved in 2017
Source:
STEGLATRO by Pfizer
Source URL:

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ABSOLUTE)



Ertugliflozin (PF-04971729) is a potent and selective sodium-dependent glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor incorporating a unique dioxa-bicyclo[3.2.1]octane (bridged ketal) ring system. SGLT2 has become an important therapeutic target and several SGLT2-selective inhibitors are either approved or in clinical development for the management of blood glucose in patients with type 2 diabetes. Ertugliflozin demonstrated robust urinary glucose excretion in rats and an excellent preclinical safety profile. It was announced that FDA and EMA filing acceptances of three marketing applications for ertugliflozin-containing medicines for adults with type 2 diabetes.
Status:
First approved in 2017
Source:
BIKTARVY by Gilead Sciences
Source URL:

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ABSOLUTE)



Bictegravir is a component of the fixed-dose combination product bictegravir/emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide (BIKTARVY®), which received marketing approval for the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in February 2018. Bictegravir inhibits the strand transfer activity of HIV-1 integrase, an HIV-1 encoded enzyme that is required for viral replication. Inhibition of integrase prevents the integration of linear HIV-1 DNA into host genomic DNA, blocking the formation of the HIV-1 provirus and propagation of the virus.
Status:
First approved in 2017
Source:
MAVYRET by AbbVie;Enanta Pharmaceuticals
Source URL:

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ABSOLUTE)



Glecaprevir is a direct acting antiviral agent and Hepatitis C virus (HCV) NS3/4A protease inhibitor that targets the the viral RNA replication. In combination with Pibrentasvir, glecaprevir is a useful therapy for patients who experienced therapeutic failure from other NS3/4A protease inhibitors. It demonstrates a high genetic barrier against resistance mutations of the virus. Glecaprevir is available as an oral combination therapy with Pibrentasvir under the brand name Mavyret. On 3 August 2017 the FDA approved the combination for hepatitis C treatment. Mavyret is indicated for the treatment of adult patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6 infection without cirrhosis or with compensated cirrhosis (Child-Pugh A). Mavyret is also indicated for the treatment of adult patients with HCV genotype 1 infection, who previously have been treated with a regimen containing an HCV NS5A inhibitor or an NS3/4A protease inhibitor (PI), but not both.

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ABSOLUTE)



Obeticholic acid (also known as INT-747), is a potent, orally bioavailable farnesoid X receptor (FXR) agonist. The key role of the farnesoid X receptor (FXR) as a regulator of bile and cholesterol metabolism in the liver, with preclinical data from numerous studies providing strong rationale for the advancement of FXR agonists as hepatoprotective therapeutics in chronic liver disease. Obeticholic acid is marketed under the trade name Ocaliva. Ocaliva is specifically indicated for the treatment of primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) in combination with ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) in adults with an inadequate response to UDCA, or as monotherapy in adults unable to tolerate UDCA.

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ABSOLUTE)


Conditions:

Velpatasvir (VEL; GS-5816) is an inhibitor of HCV NS5A protein, it demonstrated favourable in vitro and in vivo properties, including potent antiviral activity against hepatitis C virus genotypes 1 to 6 replicon, good metabolic stability, low systemic clearance, and adequate bioavailability and physicochemical properties to warrant clinical evaluation. Velpatasvir is used together with sofosbuvir in the treatment of hepatitis C infection of all six major genotypes. A once-daily, single-tablet, pangenotypic regimen comprising the HCV NS5B polymerase inhibitor sofosbuvir and the HCV NS5A inhibitor velpatasvir (sofosbuvir/ velpatasvir; Epclusa) has recently been approved for the treatment of adults with chronic HCV genotype 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6 infection in the USA, EU and Canada.
Status:
First approved in 2016

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ACHIRAL)



Pimavanserin, marketed under the trade name Nuplazid, a non-dopaminergic atypical antipsychotic developed by Acadia Pharmaceuticals is the first and only medication approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of hallucinations and delusions associated with Parkinson’s disease psychosis. The mechanism of action of pimavanserin in the treatment of hallucinations and delusions associated with Parkinson’s disease psychosis is unknown. However, the effect of pimavanserin could be mediated through a combination of inverse agonist and antagonist activity at serotonin 5-HT2A receptors and to a lesser extent at serotonin 5-HT2C receptors. In vitro, pimavanserin acts as an inverse agonist and antagonist at serotonin 5-HT2A receptors with high binding affinity (Ki value 0.087 nM) and at serotonin 5-HT2C receptors with lower binding affinity (Ki value 0.44 nM). Pimavanserin shows low binding to sigma 1 receptors (Ki value 120 nM) and has no appreciable affinity (Ki value >300 nM), to serotonin 5-HT2B, dopaminergic (including D2), muscarinic, histaminergic, or adrenergic receptors, or to calcium channels. Pimavanserin was approved by the FDA to treat hallucinations and delusions associated with psychosis experienced by some people with Parkinson's disease on April 29, 2016.
Trans-1-amino-3-[(18)F]fluorocyclobutanecarboxylic acid (also known as Fluciclovine (18F)) was approved under brand name AXUMIN as a radioactive diagnostic agent indicated for positron emission tomography (PET) imaging in men with suspected prostate cancer recurrence. Besides, this radioactive compound is used in patients with cervical, ovarian epithelial or endometrial cancers. Fluciclovine F 18 is a synthetic amino acid transported across mammalian cell membranes by amino acid transporters, such as LAT-1 and ASCT2, which are upregulated in prostate cancer cells, but as was shown, this compound has a higher affinity for ASCT2 in comparison with other transporters.